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  • Clinical biochemistry (علم الكيمياء السريرية)

     Clinical Chemistry is a Laboratory discipline which has the following objectives:
    • Evaluating Renal Function, Water, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance.
    • Exploring Biochemical Markers of Bone Metabolism
    • Measuring Carbohydrates
    • Measuring Proteins
    • Measuring Lipids
    • Exploring Cardiac Injury and Atherosclerosis
    • Measuring Enzymes
    • Evaluating Liver Functions
    • Diagnosing Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Disorders
    • Exploring Endocrine Function
    • Exploring Reproductive Function
    • Monitoring Pregnancy
    • Measuring Vitamins and Trace elements
    • Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
    • Detecting Drugs of Abuse

  • Hematology/coagulation (علم أمراض الدم والتجلط)

    Hematology is a Laboratory discipline which has the following objectives, in the hematology section:

    Diagnosing Diseases of Red Blood Cells:
    • Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • Thalassemias
    • Anemia of Chronic Disease
    • Lead Poisening
    • Anemia from Folate Deficiency
    • Anemia from Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Hereditary Spherocytosis
    • Hereditary Elliptocytosis
    • Hemoglobinopathies
    • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
    • Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn
    • Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia
    • Glucose -6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
    • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
    • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
    • Sideroblastic Anemia
    • Aplastic Anemia
    • Pure Red Cell Aplasia
    • Polycythemia Vera

    Diagnosing Diseases of White Blood Cells
    • Leukopenia
    • Leukocytosis
    • Lymphomas (Hodgkin and Non Hodgkin)
    • Acute Leukemia (Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoid Leukemia, Biphenotypic and mixed Lineage Leukemias)
    • Chronic Leukemias (Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Hairy Cell Leukemia, Prolymphocytic Leukemia, Large Granular Cell Leukemia)
    • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
    • Myeloproliferative Disorders
    • Multiple Myeloma
    • Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
    • Heavy Chain Disease
    • Monoclonal Gammopathy of Unknown Significance
    • Disorders with Impaired WBC function (Chediak-Higashi, Alder Riley, May Hegglin, Chronic Granulomatous Disease, Myeloperoxidase Deficiency)

    Diagnosing Bleeding and Thrombotic Disorders
    • Bleeding Disorders (Fibrinogen Deficiency, Hemophilias and other Coagulation Factor Deficiencies, Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation, Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Drug-Induced Thrombocytopenia, Platelets Disorders)
    • Thrombic Disorders ( Hypercoagulable States, AntiPhospholipid Syndrome, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome)

  • Immunology (علم أمراض المناعة)

    Immunology is a Laboratory discipline which has the following objectives:

    Diagnosing autoimmune disorders involving the connective tissue:
    • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    • Sjögren Syndrome
    • Systemic Sclerosis/Scleroderma
    • Polymyositis/Dermatomyositis
    • Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Diagnosing Vasculitis:
    • Wegener Granulomatosis
    • Churg-Strauss Syndrome
    • Microscopic Polyangiitis

    Diagnosing diseases of the immune system:
    • X-linked Agammaglobulinemia
    • Common Variable Immunodeficiency
    • Isolated IgA Deficiency
    • Digeorge anomaly
    • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
    • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
    • Deficiency of Complement Proteins
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Amyloidosis
    • Cryoglobulinemia.

    Diagnosing Allergic Diseases (IgE or IgG mediated)
    Diagnosing Organ Specific Autoimmune Diseases

    Histocompatibility Testing and HLA Typing
    • HLA and disease association (HLA B27/Ankylosing Spondylitis and acute Uveitis, HLA B5/Behcet Disease, HLADQ2 or DQ8/Coeliac Disease)

  • Microbiology (علم الجراثيم والطفيليات)

    Microbiology is a Laboratory discipline which has the following objectives:

    Diagnosing Bacterial, Fungal, Viral and Parasitic Infectious Diseases
    • Septicemia and Infections of the Circulating Blood
    • Infections of the Central Nervous System
    • Endocarditis: Infection of the Heart
    • Bone Infections/Osteomyelitis
    • Infections of the Joints
    • Infections of the Skin and Soft Tissues
    • Eye Infections
    • Infections of the Larynx, Pharynx, Mouth, Ear, Sinuses
    • Lung Infections
    • Infections of the Gastrointestinal tract
    • Pyelonephritis and Urinary Tract Infections
    • Infections of the Genital Tract
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    • Infections of the Endocrine Organs
    • Pancreatic Infections.

  • Molecular pathology (علم الجينات وتشخيص الحمض النووي)

    Molecular Pathology is a Laboratory discipline which has the following objectives:
    • Diagnosing Genetic Diseases using Polymerase Chain Reaction and other Amplification Techniques.
    • Diagnosing Genetic Disease using Cytogenetics (Chromosome analysis)
    • Diagnosing Infectious Diseases and Acquired Malignancies using DNA based Methods.

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